China is committed to peace and won't cause "chaos" in the world, but cannot give up even an inch of territory that the country's ancestors have left behind, Chinese President Xi Jinping told US Defence Secretary Jim Mattis on Wednesday (Jun 27).
Mattis, a former Marine general, has been highly critical of China's muscular military moves in the disputed South China Sea. The US military even withdrew an invitation to China to join a multinational naval exercise that will start during Mattis' visit, upsetting Beijing.
Mattis is visiting against a backdrop of spiralling tension between Beijing and Washington over trade.
Beijing is also deeply suspicious of US intentions toward self-governing and democratic Taiwan, which is armed by the United States. China views the island as a sacred part of its territory.
Meeting in Beijing's Great Hall of the People, Xi told Mattis Xi that China had only peaceful intentions and would not "cause chaos", state television reported.
Both countries' common interests far outweigh their differences, but on territorial issues there can be no concessions, Xi added, without referring to specific areas.
"We cannot loose even one inch of the territory left behind by our ancestors. What is other people's, we do not want at all," state television cited Xi as saying.
Mattis, in comments in front of reporters, told Xi his talks had been "very, very" good.
"I am happy to be in China and we are assigning the same high degree of importance to the military to military relationship," Mattis said.
Meeting earlier in the day, China's defence minister told Mattis that only with mutual respect and by avoiding confrontation can China and the United States develop together.
"China upholds peaceful development, and China's military unswervingly protects the country's sovereignty, security and development interests," Chinese Defence Minister Wei Fenghe said, according to his ministry.
"China and the United States can only develop together if we maintain no conflict, no confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation," Wei added.
"China and the United States two militaries must implement the consensus of the two countries' leaders, increase mutual trust, strengthen cooperation and manage risks to turn ties between the two militaries into a factor for stability in the bilateral relationship."
Mattis, the first Pentagon chief to visit China since 2014, told Wei he expected all of his conversations in Beijing would be characterised by an "open and honest" dialogue, like the one he had with Wei.
"The military-to-military relationship is critical to the broader relationship between our two countries," Mattis added, in comments also in front of reporters.
Mattis invited Wei to visit him at the Pentagon.
Wei was similarly upbeat in his public remarks.
"Your visit to China this time is ... a new positive factor to the military-to-military and state-to-state relationship," said Wei, who only assumed his position in March.
The Chinese defence ministry statement made only passing mention of the South China Sea, Taiwan and North Korea, citing Wei as telling Mattis what China's positions were on those issues.
As Mattis arrived, Chinese state media said a formation of Chinese warships has been holding daily combat drills for more than a week in waters near Taiwan, and there have been frequent Chinese air force exercises near the island.
While China and the United States have tried hard to keep lines of communication between their militaries open, especially at the senior level, they are deeply suspicious of each other.
The United States accuses China of militarising the South China Sea with its island-building work there, while China has been angered by US naval patrols through the strategic waterway.
In May, the United States withdrew an invitation to China to attend a major US-hosted naval drill, the Rim of the Pacific exercise, known as RIMPAC and previously attended by China, in response to what Washington sees as Beijing's militarisation of the South China Sea.
Still, the two have broad strategic common interests, such as ensuring peace and stability on the Korean peninsula.
China welcomed this month's historic summit between US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore, where Kim reaffirmed a commitment to work toward complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, while Trump said he would halt joint US-South Korean "war games".