Possible causes of paresthesia:
Sleeping on our stomach with our hands below our body, lying on our back with our hands under our heads, or dozing off on our side and twisting our arm are poor sleeping positions that can cause extended pressure on our nerves. These result in a disruption in the blood flow, and our nervous system reacts with a tingling feeling.
The ulnar nerve runs from the shoulder to the elbow, and it is responsible for providing sensation to our hands. Wrist pain, a weak grip, and numbness in the hand are possible symptoms of a pinched or compressed ulnar nerve. The pain usually disappears on its own, but if it lasts for more than 2 days, it is time to see a doctor.
Vitamin B12 — which is naturally found in meat, fish, poultry, and dairy products — keeps our nerves and blood cells healthy. The lack of Vitamin B12 in the body can cause nerve problems, which may manifest through a decreased or tingling sensation.
When we are anxious or stressed, our body activates the fight or flight response, where stress hormones are released into targeted spots, in order to improve our ability to deal with the perceived threat. This physiological reaction involves redirecting blood flow into other body parts that are more vital for our survival. The decreased circulation in certain areas causes the feeling of pins and needles.
Stress can also cause tension in our muscles, which may result in tingling pain.
Chronic paresthesia may also be a symptom of a medical condition that is affecting the body’s nervous system. If numbness is accompanied by muscle weakness or other symptoms, it is best to see your doctor or health care provider immediately.
How to avoid or minimize paresthesia:
Arm sensation usually returns as soon as the pressure is removed, but shaking the hand can help increase blood flow.
You can also stretch your arms upward, rock your head side to side, and move the shoulders up and down to release tension in the neck and loosen up the nerves.
Position the arms and hands properly, and avoid folding them under the body. Try to keep the wrists straight to ensure smooth blood flow. Sleep with your arms by your sides, rather than lifted over your head, to prevent cutting off blood circulation toward the hands.
Avoid the fetal position, as bent arms and elbows can put pressure on the nerves.
Splints or braces help keep the wrists straight, so you won’t have to worry about bending them while sleeping. You can also wrap a towel around the elbow, and secure it with a bandage, to prevent it from folding.
Regular exercise improves our overall cardiovascular health, and helps with our blood circulation. Good eating habits can also help us avoid vitamin deficiencies, and minimize nerve pain.
For severe or chronic symptoms, consult your doctor to confirm if the numbness or the prickly sensation is caused by an existing medical condition, and to discuss the appropriate treatment or medication.
Sudden numbness can also be a sign of a stroke, so if paresthesia is accompanied by dizziness, paralysis, speaking difficulties, loss of balance, and a severe headache, seek emergency help.