1. Fracture of the heelbone
A fracture of the calcaneus or cracks in it may be caused by injuries. And sometimes they go unnoticed and don’t show up for a long time.
Treatment depends on the type of fracture. For some fractures, non-surgical treatment may be used. For example, the immobilization of the foot in a cast boot so that the broken bone doesn`t move.
The RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevate) method also can help. It includes resting, putting an ice pack on the foot, wearing a compression stocking, and keeping the foot above the level of the heart.
2. Reactive arthritis
Reactive arthritis affects the joints and develops as a result of past infections, like gonorrhea, salmonellosis, ureaplasmosis, dysentery, and other diseases that affect the urinary system or gastrointestinal tract. Distinctive symptoms of reactive arthritis, in addition to heel pain, are that it gets worse at night, unpleasant sensations in the genital area, and inflammation of the joints and eyes. Not the greatest feelings in the world.
If the inflammation of the heel area is the result of diseases like chlamydia, gonorrhea, or other genital infections, they must be urgently cured. See your doctor as soon as possible.
Arthrosis causes deformity and destruction of the joints and it may affect your heels too.
The goal of arthrosis treatment is to relieve pain. It may include:
Bursitis is a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the articular sac.
Bursitis can get better on its own. The doctor may prescribe an antibiotic if the inflammation is caused by an infection, or an injection to relieve the pain. In a critical case, the doctor might prescribe surgery to remove the bursa.
Conservative measures for pain relief:
Due to gout, urates (the salts of uric acid) are deposited into the joints, and this can cause severe heel pain.
To reduce pain and swelling, apply ice to the affected area and lift your foot above heart level. Also take anti-inflammatory drugs.
Gout treatment is aimed at reducing the level of uric acid in the body:
6. Plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia that connects the calcaneus to other parts of the foot, in particular, to the toes. The main symptom is heel pain.
There is no universal treatment for this disease. But there are several ways to alleviate the condition and prevent further development of the disease.
7. Heel spur
A heel spur is a calcium formation that is localized on the heel bone. This growth may appear due to injuries and concomitant diseases of the joints or bones. Heel spurs hurt, especially when walking and stepping on the foot.
8. Achilles tendon damage
If it hurts for you to step on your heel after a workout, you may have injured your Achilles tendon.
Achilles tendon injuries must heal on their own. You can speed up the process:
9. Cracked heels
Deep cracks formed in a thick layer of hardened skin can cause severe pain when walking and even bleed.
Bonus: How to prevent heel pain