1. Vitamin E
How it works: Vitamin E oil improves not only the actual nail condition, but also the nail bed. It is known for repairing and straightening damaged and brittle nails and healing the cuticles. It improves blood circulation and nail growth.
What to do: Apply the Vitamin E oil directly on your nails and nail beds.
2. Coconut oil
How it works: Coconut oil is a good antioxidant, so it protects the nails from the negative effect of free radicals. Coconut oil also has very good antibacterial and antifungal characteristics.
What to do: Apply warm coconut oil on the nails and the skin around them and massage until it is absorbed.
3. Apple cider vinegar
How it works: Apple cider vinegar is very good for straightening nails, softening cuticles, and it also helps the nails to grow faster.
What to do: Add one tablespoon to a glass of warm water and soak it for a few minutes. You can repeat this daily until you are happy with the results.
4. Tea tree oil
How it works: Tea tree oil is a very strong antiseptic and antifungal ingredient. Don’t apply pure tea tree oil, always dilute it with a carrier oil.
What to do: Mix 2 drops of tea tree oil with 1/2 tsp of olive oil, almond oil, or coconut oil, apply it to the nails and skin around them and massage for a few minutes.
5. Lemon juice
How it works: Lemon is very high in Vitamin C, which accelerates collagen production and makes nails stronger. Lemon juice also contains alpha-hydroxy acid. This lightens the nails and heals any micro-cracks in the nails.
What to do: Squeeze half of a lemon, mix with 1 cup of warm water, and soak for 5-10 minutes.
6. Olive oil
How it works: Olive oil is exceptionally good for moisturizing and nourishing the nails. It's high in Vitamin E, which repairs any damage to the nails and stimulates their growth. You also can use olive oil as a carrier oil.
What to do: Apply warm olive oil to the nails. Massage for 5-10 minutes.
7. Egg yolk and honey
How it works: Egg yolk contains a high amount of Vitamin A and fatty acids which makes it very effective for strengthening weak, thin, and brittle nails and for smoothing and moisturizing the cuticles. To get the goodness level even higher, add some honey which has antifungal properties.
What to do: Mix one yolk with 1/2 tsp of warm honey, apply the mixture to the nails and the skin around them, leave for 15 minutes and wash.
8. Flaxseed oil
How it works: Flaxseed oil is high in fatty acids, minerals, and antioxidants which makes this oil really effective for boosting nail growth.
What to do: Apply flaxseed oil on the nails and massage for a few minutes.
9. Almond oil
How it works: Almond oil is very high in Vitamins A, B, and E. It repairs, moisturizes, and nourishes the nails and softens the cuticles.
What to do: Apply warm almond oil to your nails and the skin around them and massage for 2-3 minutes. You can also use almond oil as a carrier oil.
10. Jojoba oil
How it works: Jojoba oil contains a few types of fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, which makes this oil exceptionally effective for making nails stronger and thicker.
What to do: Apply warm jojoba oil on your nails and the skin around them and massage for 2-3 minutes. You can use almond oil as a carrier oil as well.
1. Decrease the number of drinks before bed.
To prevent a child’s bladder from becoming overly full during the evening, it is important to control the amount of fluid they drink late in the afternoon and right before bed. Let them have enough liquids in the morning and during lunch time, then slowly decrease the amount as the day progresses. Also, it is vital for a child to go to the toilet every night right before their bedtime. Make this part of their evening routine.
2. Avoid certain foods that can irritate the bladder.
There are certain types of foods that can irritate the bladder in young children causing them to have accidents when they are sleeping because they do not have enough bladder control. Avoid foods that are too acidic like fruit juices containing lemon, orange, pineapple, apple, or cranberry.
Avoid dairy products like milk or yogurt because dairy can cause your child to feel more sleepy and prevent them from waking up when their bladder is full. Also avoid hot chocolate, tea, coke, or any carbonated drinks that might contain too much sugar or caffeine. See here for the full list of products that can irritate the bladder.
3. Establish a bathroom break in the middle of the night.
Children are naturally heavy sleepers, so sometimes it is hard for them to wake up when their bladder is full. The idea is to wake them up in the middle of the night and interrupt their sleep on purpose for a bathroom break to empty their bladder. This will help them be more alert and wake up in the middle of the night naturally to go to the bathroom on their own.
You can monitor the number of times your child goes to the toilet during the day and how often, and wake them up accordingly. For example, if your child goes to the bathroom 7 times a day, every 3 hours, wake them up every 3 hours. After that, you can gradually change it to every 4 hours and eventually to once a night. When they go a week without wetting their bed, stop. They will be trained to wake up on their own to go to the toilet.
4. Double up on magnesium.
According to research done by the National Clinical Center, children might suffer from nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting) because they lack magnesium in their diet. Lack of magnesium makes the nervous system less responsive, so a child is unaware when they need to use the toilet.
There is no need to give your child supplements, just incorporate magnesium in their diet. Foods that are rich in magnesium are sesame seeds, avocados, bananas, salmon, legumes, and tofu. See here for the full list of foods rich in magnesium.
5. Keep a journal.
Just like any doctor would recommend in any re-occurring situation that might be happening, it is important to keep a journal and keep track of everything that happened during the day. This will help you monitor your child’s habits, activities, food and fluid intake, and emotional and mental health.
This will also help you understand what might be triggering their bed wetting. Maybe certain foods might cause them irritation or different drinks might trigger a nervous system response. It is important to write everything down every day to help you understand the underlying cause of their bed-wetting.
6. Talk to your child.
Have a chat with your child about how they feel emotionally, it does not have to be about their bed-wetting, but their emotional state in general. If they’ve gone through a change in their life, like school or any other emotional situation that might have caused them some stress or anxiety, this might be the cause of their bed-wetting. It will go away when they get used to the situation. In the meantime make them feel supported and not embarrassed. Let them know that you are there for them.
7. Get a bed wetting alarm.
Sometimes a bed wetting alarm could be the solution to this situation. There is a specific kind of alarm that gets clipped to their underwear and once it detects moisture it starts going off. There is a chance that the alarm might not wake your child up, but it will certainly wake you up.
Once you hear the alarm, wake your child up and take them to the bathroom. This will train your child to get up and go to the bathroom on their own.
8. Give them rewards.
It is important to use positive reinforcement and reward your child for activities that they can control. They cannot control bed-wetting. So if you reward them for nights that they stay dry, this could have a negative impact and make them feel like they’ve failed. Give them rewards that are related to things that help them avoid bed-wetting, like, for example:
9. Motivate them by giving them responsibility.
It is important to motivate your child to be responsible and independent to some extent. If they wet the bed one night, instead of letting them sit there and feel guilty and ashamed while you do the clean-up, show them nicely and very calmly how to change their sheets and ask them to help you.
Ask them to take their current clothes that they were wearing to the laundry and ask them to help you do the laundry. This will make them more appreciative of you and it will make them want to be more responsible when it comes to staying dry.
Know when to consult a doctor.
As mentioned at the beginning, bed-wetting is completely normal, but in some cases you need to consult a doctor when things do not seem to be getting better over time.
Consult a doctor if:
1. Don’t brush your teeth right after having a meal.
It’s really easy to damage your enamel this way (especially if you use a hard toothbrush). Food and drinks disrupt the pH-balance in the mouth and make the tooth enamel a little softer for a short time. Dentists recommend brushing teeth at least 30-40 minutes after having a meal.
2. Swimming pool visitors are at risk.
Of course, nobody says that swimming is not beneficial for your health. But the problem is that the chemicals used to disinfect the water in swimming pools have a terrible effect on the teeth. In the 80s, American scientists published the results of a study that focused on the health of teeth of professional swimmers, 40% of whom suffered from tooth enamel damage.
So, what should you do? Try to keep the swimming pool water out of your mouth and swim in fresh or salt water in the summertime.
3. You should drink your coffee right away and not over the course of 30 minutes.
Think about the way we drink tea or coffee at work. We pour the full cup of hot coffee and drink it in small sips, constantly talking to our colleague, and answering e-mails. While we are doing it, the coffee (especially coffee with sugar) is working on destroying the enamel of our teeth. So, it’s best to drink this beverage as quickly as possible.
4. There is a reason why gynecologists recommend having your teeth checked before planning a pregnancy.
First, a cavity is an open source of infection that spreads from the tooth tissues to the gums and could then get into the bloodstream and affect the fetus. This could lead to premature birth and the baby having serious congenital diseases.
Second, periodontitis is also really dangerous because it might decrease the reproductive ability for both men and women. And even if conception happens, the baby might be born prematurely or with a really low birth weight.
5. Brushing your teeth in the shower or on the toilet is not the best idea.
While taking care of your teeth, it’s best if you don’t get distracted by anything else. This is a process that needs to be done very attentively. And in order to teach your children to brush their teeth for a certain time, doctors recommend turning on their favorite song. It will grab your baby’s attention for 2-3 minutes (this is how long it takes to remove dental plaque and get rid of bacteria).
6. Beans can damage bad teeth even more.
Who would have thought that beans could damage teeth? It’s all about the phytohemagglutinin that they contain, it’s the protein that provokes quick cell division. If you have a tooth cavity, eating beans can lead to a granuloma. Of course, the risk is quite low, but it’s best to make sure you have no dental problems before you eat beans.
7. Oral health is connected with our memory
Scientists conducted research with 273 volunteers who were 55 years old and older. And they came to the conclusion that people who don’t have all their teeth had a worse memory, were more irritable, and were more susceptible to mood swings. As a result, there is a theory that losing teeth makes the number of sensory signals that they send to the brain lower.
This is why dentists recommend using every opportunity you get to save a tooth. It’s great that today there are even technologies that allow you to reconstruct the tooth if you have only the root.
8. A child’s bite can be changed by a cold.
Of course, if a child gets a cold once or twice a year, it’s perfectly normal. But if a person gets a cold too often in early childhood, they might have a problem with their bite. A person who can’t breathe through their nose is forced to breathe through their mouth. The facial skeleton is easily deformed at this age, and this might cause the lower jaw to move a little forward.
In this case, a dentist might recommend seeing a specialist first to make sure the nose is fine. Otherwise, the effort you put into fixing the bite can be useless.
9. Don’t chew on ice and don’t pierce your tongue.
If you catch yourself always chewing on ice (or eating a lot of nuts), you can damage your gums and your tooth enamel. Your dental fillings are also at risk. The same goes for piercing your tongue: a piece of metal in your tongue is a source of possible mechanical damage to your teeth.
So, don’t use your teeth to open packs of food, cans of coke, and so on. It’s better to spend several more seconds to do it properly and not put your teeth in danger.
10. Don’t throw away your baby’s teeth.
As it turns out, you shouldn’t throw away baby teeth. They contain stem cells that can later be used to regenerate into neurons, bone, and even cardiac cells. They can save your life and even help with the treatment of diabetes. But in order to be able to use them, you need to keep the cells alive. So, when you see that your baby needs to get a tooth removed, don’t do your yourself. See a dentist who will remove it properly and store the tooth under the required conditions.
6. We always sit.
Nowadays, a sedentary lifestyle is an ordinary thing. In the evenings, we go home by car or by public transport and take a seat at home where we then watch TV or chat online with friends.
Without moving, the level of endorphins and other hormones responsible for happiness reduces. Everyday 30-minute walks or 2 workouts a week will make you more energetic and satisfied, no matter what happens in your life.
5. We spend all day indoors.
We all know that “working from home” doesn’t necessarily contribute to happiness. But it turns out that places like cinemas, restaurants, and other places we like to visit don’t always let us enjoy our lives either.
But if you spend some time outdoors in an unknown place, you’ll become happier and your self-esteem will improve. Psychologists call this method “adventure therapy.” And it’s worth noting that it doesn’t matter whether you’re going to a different country or to a neighboring village where you’ve never been, either way, you’ll become happier.
4. We don’t pay attention to things happening around us.
It’s really important to not just to pay attention to what we do but also how we do it. For example, let’s imagine 2 girls. One of them is angry because she has to clean her house: she’d rather be on a date in a fancy restaurant, but no one invited her. Another girl is just washing the dishes and she’s glad she has some time to herself to clean the house.
In the first case, the girl will feel exhausted and in the second case, the girl will feel more relaxed. Our ability to live in the here and now and never let our fears, regrets, and memories disturb us makes our lives more interesting.
3. We only consume.
To make our life meaningful, we have to not only take but also give. Acts of kindness make us satisfied and feel significant.
Here’s some good news: even the tiniest good actions can cheer us up. Buying someone a present, writing a note, or even painting a wall are all things that lead us to believe that we have a purpose in this life and that someone needs us.
2. We isolate ourselves from others.
Even in the age of individuality, each person still needs to belong to a group. And it’s not only about our closest friends and family members. To be truly happy, we need to feel connected to other people.
According to different studies, this quality helps us defeat diseases, it reduces our levels of stress, and it makes us feel more confident. And it doesn’t matter what group you belong to: it could be a football club, a game club, whatever. You just need to feel like you belong to something.
1. We don’t create anything.
We need creative hobbies not for money and fame, but for our health. It’s been proven that the process of creation reduces the level of stress, improves our mood, and helps us fight against depression.
Don’t forget that creativity isn’t just about singing and painting, it can be anything that requires your unique approach. Plant some flowers, choose the color of your walls, do household chores, and turn your imagination on — that’s all it takes!
Happiness isn’t something you have to aim for. It consists of tiny things, so we can create it at any moment. Do you have any habits that stop you from being happy?
1. Your past doesn’t cause negative emotions.
The fears you had when you met your ex are gone — the nervous jitters aren’t there and the anger you had toward them is long gone. You’ve started to relate to your past with warmth and gratitude because it has given you many good things.
All these signs mean that you have moved on and have stopped replaying all your past emotions over and over again. You have instead started to focus on your future and build new relationships.
2. You are not afraid of loneliness.
As paradoxical as it might sound, you are never as ready for new relationships as you are at the moment when you are not ready for them at all. All because at this moment you don’t feel sad that you are single, you don’t sit at home waiting for love, and you don’t keep checking your phone for new messages every now and then. Instead, you are filling your life with something that is really interesting to you.
3. You have your own interests and friends.
When we are in a relationship, we subconsciously start to adopt the interests of our partner. After breaking up, these interests still stay with us. And after some time you might realize that kayaking is not something that you really like, while your granddad’s old forgotten camera that is buried deep in your closet is something that can bring you real pleasure. You start doing what you really like or what you’ve always wanted to try.
Besides that, you have your own friends who you communicate with and not because you are obligated to do it but because you genuinely want to do it. To cut the story short, you are ready for a new relationship if your life is no longer focused on just one person.
4. Not only are you ready to receive love, but you’re ready to give it too.
While you’re not in a relationship, you have the chance to store up so much warmth and tenderness that you can warm up the half of the world with all of your reserves. And the moment when you understand that not only do you want to be hugged and supported, but also that you yourself are ready to hug another person and support them — means that you are ready for a new relationship.
5. You have a calm reaction when you see other people’s relationships.
You are able to watch love stories again without tears and be truly happy if your friends get married or confess their deep feelings for each other. You are not jealous of friends and of those who have found their happiness before you because you know that one day it’s gonna happen with you too.
6. You want to go on dates.
The thought that you’ll have to talk about yourself once again and that you’ll have to learn about another person from scratch when you meet a new person doesn’t bother you anymore. Instead, it sparks your interest.
All because enough time has passed after the breakup and you feel like charming and being charmed again.
7. The ability to say “No.”
With all the time that you spent alone, you have learned to draw your boundaries correctly and now you know for sure which features in a partner will match yours. You can easily say “No” to any person if you see that relationships with them won’t lead to anything good.
In order to not forget something, it’s recommended to make a list of qualities you’d like to see in your future partner.
8. Readiness to compromise
Your boundaries might be strict, but at the same time you also understand that there might be something that your future partner won’t like in you. You are ready for discussions and are able to compromise. For example, you are ready to give up your bad habits and develop new ones, reconsider your opinion about some things, and even try something new.
1. Garlic and honey
Honey is loaded with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and enzymes. It also acts as an antioxidant to fight off free radicals.
Garlic contains compounds that boost the white blood cells’ ability to fight against some viruses. It is important to crush garlic instead of chop it because during the crushing, the main component, alliin, turns into its active form.
Place the garlic in the glass jar and fill the jar with honey. Let it rest at room temperature for 3-5 days and place it into the fridge afterward. It’s ready to use after that time. Take a teaspoon of honey with a piece of garlic once a day.
2. Turmeric and ginger tea
Curcuminoids, active components in turmeric, have many health benefits, anti-viral properties — and its immune-boosting properties are only part of it.
Ginger has very strong anti-bacterial and anti-viral characteristics which help support the immune system.
Boil water and add turmeric and ginger. Let it rest for 5-10 minutes. Add honey or lemon to taste.
3. Lemon water
Lemons are exceptionally high in Vitamin C, which makes them an excellent booster for the immune system.
Squeeze the juice from half a lemon into some water and enjoy. Because vitamin C is very unstable, it’s better to prepare the lemon drink just before use.
4. Ginger, lemon and cayenne pepper shot
As we already mentioned above, ginger is very effective as an anti-bacterial and anti-viral product and lemon is very high in Vitamin C.
Cayenne pepper is high in Vitamin C and also in beta-carotene and antioxidants, which help your body fight against nasty bacteria. Cayenne pepper is quite spicy and raises your body temperature activating the immune system.
Mix all the ingredients and sip. You also can add a teaspoon of honey and a small piece of crushed garlic.
5. Echinacea, honey, ginger, and licorice syrup
Honey and ginger can also be used in combination with licorice and echinacea roots.
Echinacea can be called a superpower herb because the entire plant has a very effective immune-boosting property.
Licorice is not just a candy, it’s actually a root with very high anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant characteristics. This makes it a very effective immune-regulator. It’s not recommended to use all the time, just use it for 4 to 6 weeks.
Boil water, add echinacea, licorice, and ginger and simmer for 45 minutes. Then let it cool and add honey.
6. Mushroom extract
Mushroom extract has many health benefits and has been used in Chinese medicine for thousands of years. Mushrooms are believed to be a very unique immune-boosting food for its ability to prevent immune cells from sticking to the walls of the blood vessels. There are a few types of mushrooms with strong immune-boosting powers, such as shiitake, maitake, cordyceps, and tremella. Each type of mushroom can support the immune system differently and blending some of its extracts will give maximum benefit.
7. Green juice
This juice is not only full of vitamins and great for boosting the immune system, but it is also very yummy!
Spinach is called a superfood for a reason, it’s loaded with many vitamins and minerals including Vitamin C, and it’s also high in beta-carotene and antioxidants which helps our bodies fight infection and viruses.
Oranges are loaded with Vitamin C which is essential for fighting against the flu or a cold.
Celery is also high in Vitamin C and antioxidants, which helps make the immune system active and efficient.
Ginger is known for its anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties.
Juice all ingredients and drink.
8. Echinacea tincture
Echinacea is a well-known immune stimulating herb. There are lots of echinacea varieties, but only 3 spices prove to have immune system boosting characteristics — Echinacea Angustifolia, Echinacea Pallida, and Echinacea Purpurea. So if you’re planning to make the tincture, make sure that you choose the right one.
Fill half of a glass jar with dried herbs and pour in vodka until the jar is nearly full, leaving a bit of room for the herb to swell a bit. Seal tightly and let it rest for 4-6 weeks at room temperature, shaking it every few days. After 4-6 weeks, strain the herb and store the tincture in an amber bottle. At the first sign of a cold take half a teaspoon 3 to 4 times daily.
Andrographis is an herb that has been used in Indian and Chinese natural medicine for centuries as a cold remedy and preventative supplement. It comes in capsules and tablets. For preventative purposes, it can be taken in low to moderate doses.
Bonus: Picking your nose
Yes, you have read this correctly. A few years ago, a Canadian professor came up with the idea that eating boogers might be good for your immune system because you’re just taking a small number of germs back into your own body, so it’s sort of like a no-cost vaccination.
Now, when you stop laughing, we should probably mention that the professor said later that there is no real study about the snot-eating treatment and he just wanted his students to think about if something like that was possible and be engaged in the conversation. “Get the student to think rather than just sit there taking down notes,” he said. Well, he certainly got our attention!
Keeping a good posture goes a long way in maintaining good health, including keeping your joints healthy, said Dr. Benjamin Tow, an orthopedic and spine surgeon at Mt. Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore.
"Shoulder, back, neck and knees are very common problems because we are active people, we move our joints all the time. The joints can give us a lot of problems as we age, or as we become more active," Tow said.
To ensure healthy joints as one ages, Tow advises training the body to maintain a good posture at all times, avoid chronic overloading-meaning, excess weight-that can lead to faster degeneration of the joints, and to always warm up before exercising. When in pain, stop exercising to allow the body to recover first instead of aggravating the injury.
"Taking care of the joints should be a lifestyle process. Smoking is bad for the joints. Joints can last a lifetime if we don't damage them with injuries," he said.
"A lot of joint problems can be prevented by good posture, by not overloading, and by doing moderate exercises."
Tow said production workers who need to keep on looking down, or people who keep looking down on their devices like laptops and phones, are prone to joint injuries since these activities encourage bad posture.
Women who constantly carry heavy leather bags should be wary of chronic overloading of their joints. It helps to ditch the high heels, too.
The effects of poor posture on the neck may not be felt when people are younger, Tow said, but is a certainty when they hit their late 40s, 50s and 60s.
The joints connect the bones, bear the weight and provide stability and mobility. They are partly made up of ligaments and cartilage. The cartilage functions like a lubricant cushioning the joints so the bones do not rub together. Understanding how they function and how one's lifestyle and overall health can affect them is crucial in case one develops arthritis, gout or osteoarthritis.
But instead of popping supplements to supposedly keep the joints healthy, Tow said people should focus on avoiding overloading the joints and avoid damaging it, as prevention. Most people do not develop symptoms until a significant joint damage has occurred, although symptoms may manifest as early as 18.
Symptoms of joint damage include redness and swelling, and tenderness and warmth. It may also include limping, locking of the joint, loss of range of motion of the joint area, stiffness and weakness.
Stretching and practicing tai chi can help, Tow said. Yoga helps to make the muscles stronger, he said, and while strengthening the muscles is helpful, the fact that yoga can improve the posture is in itself a big plus.
Glucosamine, the popular supplement said to increase lubrication and decrease inflammation and therefore help manage pain, has weak scientific evidence to prove efficiency, he said.
"Taking glucosamine is like taking ginseng-there's not strong evidence behind them but there's no harm in taking them," Tow said.
1. The pictures of modern transport in the tomb of Seti I
Mystery: The Egyptian hieroglyphics found in the tomb of Seti I in Abydos look really strange. They look like a helicopter, an airship, and a submarine. This discovery caused a lot of arguments among archaeologists. Some of them really believed that the hieroglyphics depicted ancient helicopters, submarines, and planes.
Answer: Recently, a historian has found that these hieroglyphics are actually just the names of Seti I and his son Ramesses II on top of each other. It’s just that the name of Ramesses II was carved on top of his father’s name after his death.
2. Giant statues from Easter Island
Mystery: For almost 300 years historians and archaeologists have been trying to understand how people from an island who didn’t have any tools could carve anything on giant stones that weigh up to 82 tons, move them several miles and place them vertically.
Answer: The giant ancient statues were not built by wizards but they were carved in stone and moved from one part of the island to another. A National Geographic video shows that it’s quite simple to move a 90-ton statue several miles using simple tools and a group of people.
3. The “Wow!” signal from space
Mystery: In 1997, a strange signal from space was received. It was so unexpected and unique that the scientists named it “Wow!” All this time, they tried to decipher the signal, find out what galaxy it came from, and receive it again but there was no success. That’s why many people started to think that this signal was sent by aliens.
Answer: The 2017 study betrayed all these hopes: the source of the signal was actually hydrogen on the surfaces of the 266P/Christensen and 336P/Gibbs comets that were passing the Sagittarius constellation on exactly August 15, 1977, and July 27, 2017. In other words, the signal was a natural occurrence caused by 2 comets.
4. What does Banksy look like?
Mystery: Banksy is an alias of an English street artist, political activist, and director. He is impossible to catch and nobody knows who he is.
Answer: Not so long ago, scientists from the Queen Mary University of London used the technology of profiling and narrowed down the circle of suspects. They found out Banky’s real name — Robin Gunningham. This seems true because of how secretive Robin is. But Robin himself doesn’t admit this, so we can’t really tell.
5. What happened to the Maya?
Mystery: Maya is an ancient civilization with developed writing, art, architecture, math, and astronomy. It was a great thriving nation that one day seemed to have abandoned its cities. And nobody knew why.
Answer: Thanks to research published on the website of National Academy of Studies, scientists learned that the Maya burned and chopped more and more wood to clear the ground for agriculture, but they also needed more wood to make materials. Because of the deforestation and drought, the Maya had to leave their territory to avoid famine.
6. The Roswell UFO incident
Mystery: In 1947, in Roswell, U.S., something that had been considered a UFO landed on the ground. There was no good explanation from the government so this whole story sparked many debates and rumors of aliens.
Answer: In the photo above, you can see a piece of a radar. At that time, the Cold War had already started and the U.S. military forces were working on a project with a hot air balloon to detect the sound waves generated by Soviet atomic bomb tests. One of these machines fell down and exploded and because the project was top secret, there were a lot of rumors.
7. Circles on fields
Mystery: Circles on fields is another mystery that people think is related to aliens. Where did they come from? Why? Could people create such complex constructions in just one night?
Answer: It was learned that even the most complicated geometric shapes can be created using tools like rope, ladders, and wooden planks. The Telegraph even published a manual on how to make a circle on a field.
Bonus: What happened to Anastasia Románova?
We’re sure that most of you have seen the 1997 Disney cartoon, Anastasia. In the cartoon, she avoids being shot along with the rest of her family, lived in an orphanage, and at the end, she reunited with her grandmother. Unfortunately, in reality, the story is way harsher. As a result of the mutiny in Russia in 1918, the entire Romanov family was executed. The forensic study showed that Anastasia didn’t avoid the same fate. However, several witnesses agreed that she escaped the castle even though she was badly injured. There was even a rumor that a doctor took care of her but there is no solid proof. Most likely, this mystery will always remain unsolved.
Instagram on Monday (Nov 20) said it is booting fake followers, likes, and comments generated by applications tailored to make accounts appear more popular than they actually are.
The crackdown comes as Instagram parent Facebook strives to assure people that the leading social network and its services can be trusted.
"Recently, we've seen accounts use third-party apps to artificially grow their audience," Instagram said in a blog post.
"Starting today, we will begin removing inauthentic likes, follows and comments from accounts that use third-party apps to boost their popularity."
Instagram is using self-improving software programs to help identify accounts that use such apps and purge products of inauthentic activity, which violates terms of service at the service.
Instagram said it would notify users about removed likes, follows, or comments. People who unknowingly linked to an offending app need only change passwords to sever connections, according to the photo and video sharing social network.
Instagram users who continue to use such third-party apps possibly seeing their "experience impacted," but the service did not specify in what ways.
The announcement comes amid growing concerns about Facebook's efforts to curb misinformation and manipulation.
Facebook has faced renewed criticism following a New York Times investigation suggesting it ignored warnings about Russian influence campaigns on its platform and then used a consulting firm to discredit critics of the social network.
Twitter has made similar efforts to root out inauthentic accounts, resulting in declines in the number of followers for some users.
9. Sell your car before it’s too old.
Why this doesn’t work: You should only get rid of an old car only if you have to spend more on its maintenance than you’d spend on buying a new one (even if you’d have to take out a loan). Specialists claim that this should happen only after many years of constant exploitation. It’s impossible to tell the exact number of years since it greatly depends on the car model and maintenance conditions (some cars work pretty well even at an “old” age).
8. Avoid credit cards.
Why this doesn’t work: If you don’t indulge in the temptation to blow your money on a sudden desire and spend it wisely (to pay off tuition, buy household appliances, or save up for emergency situations), a credit card can become a real lifesaver. Besides, regular payments will help you built a good credit history.
Banks usually offer profitable bonus programs and discounts for credit card holders. When you use a credit card, stick to one main rule: pay off the debt in full, not just the minimum balance.
7. Buy things in advance and use discounts and coupon codes.
Why this doesn’t work: An American study showed that most families who buy products in bulk tend to buy things they don’t really need. It’s an attempt to save money in advance: people buy now so they don’t have to buy later. It’s even worse with discount deals (for example, take 3 and pay for 2). Marketers know that customers actually prefer getting something for free rather than paying a lower price for the products. They use this psychological rule since you usually pay a full price for discounted goods. Besides, the quality of these goods often leaves a lot to be desired.
6. Invest money for high returns.
Why this doesn’t work: If financial gurus from an advertisement promise a high return on an investment, they’re likely using a fraudulent Ponzi scheme. This scheme is based on creating a financial bubble: investors get income from new investments and not from the revenue of an organization. Sooner or later (usually sooner) these bubbles burst leaving people looking for easy money with nothing to back it up.
Bitcoin investments are also useless: only dealers can benefit from them. This cryptocurrency is so unstable that it’s impossible to predict anything. Remember, if someone promises you’ll get easy money, asks you to bring your friends to the business, or claims that you should only invest a small amount to get millions, it’s likely to be a fraud.
5. Invest in real estate.
Why this doesn’t work: If you can’t decide if it’s better to make a deposit into a bank or spend money on a down payment for a mortgage, it’s better to choose the first option. You’ll have to invest more in property anyway: think about redecoration, interaction with a lessee (if you’re going to rent it out), paying taxes, and making utility payments.
Dreams about having your own place to live can turn into a nightmare if you take on a mortgage you can’t really pay off. The situation may differ in different regions so it’s better to analyze the real estate market and financial projections first.
4. You’re obligated to buy life and health insurance when taking out a loan.
Why this doesn’t work: When you make a large purchase on credit, a credit manager has to offer you life and health insurance. The idea is that if you can’t pay off the debt, the insurance will cover it. However, it’ll significantly increase the amount of the loan.
In most cases, you aren’t legally bound to buy insurance to take a loan. But you should evaluate your personal circumstances and possible risks of unemployment and sickness to make a final decision.
3. Borrow money from your friends and family so you don’t have to pay interest to the bank.
Why this doesn’t work: If you’re in a difficult financial situation, it’s natural to want to ask your friends and family for support. However, financial problems and debts often lead to the worsening of the relationships and misunderstandings. Besides, people who lent you money will subconsciously try to control your expenses and wait for you to pay them back.
2. Attend several business seminars.
Why this doesn’t work: Business seminars dedicated to personal growth and enrichment attract people with big promises and mottos including loud words like “inspirational” or “breakthrough.” Experts compare these events with cult or multi-level marketing meetings. The only person who benefits from these seminars is the coach.
It’s better to check the reputation of a business coach before you start trusting them and following their recommendations. You can read reviews and find out more about their real achievements by doing a little bit of research. These coaches often post photos of themselves on a white yacht, wearing expensive watches, but in real life they’re just ordinary people. Remember, if a coach promises you easy money for a part-time job and a small investment, it’s likely to be a fraud.
1. Do everything yourself to save money.
Why this doesn’t work: There are some things you can easily do yourself. If you have enough patience, the final result of your work will be just fine. Well, almost... However, very few people, who are cutting down on expenses by cutting professional help, really estimate the cost of their own time.
If you count how much time you’ll spend performing an unusual task and estimate how many useful things you could’ve done instead, the difference in the price isn’t actually that dramatic. The conclusion is that you should trust professionals. This way you’ll save both time and money.