Pain in your muscles gets reduced.
An experiment was conducted to test and see if an ear massage could help to reduce pain among people with chronic lower back pain. And the results showed that this simple procedure is an effective way to decrease discomfort.
Gently pulling and rubbing different areas of your ears, especially your lobes, stimulates a lot of nerve endings, and they can help your brain to release endorphins. These hormones are known to make us feel good and help to relieve pain. Also, they can improve your blood circulation too. Some studies even showed that, thanks to these simple massaging actions, people were able to better manage their physical pain, and their pain threshold even increased.
Your stress and anxiety levels decrease.
Another small study was conducted among patients during a period of in vitro fertilization. Results proved that ear massage is a good thing to do in this kind of stressful situation. Massage the heavenly gate point of your ear with slow circular motions if you feel stressed out, panicked, restless, fatigued, or irritated. This point is situated in the upper shell of your ear, at the part that feels like a triangle-shaped hollow.
Your headaches and migraines can be noticeably relieved.
While painkillers can have some serious and potentially destructive effects on your body and your health, ear stimulation is generally harmless. You can even combine it with some more natural remedies like peppermint tea for a better effect.
You will be able to lose weight faster.
Apart from exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy diet, you can also start rubbing different points on your ears daily. It turns out that, combined with other necessary routines, massaging might promote quicker weight loss. After you reach your goal, make sure you continue performing it to maintain your weight and stay healthy.
It can be helpful for fighting insomnia.
Since ear stimulation has a relaxing effect, you can do it before bedtime to calm yourself down and loosen up. Though this procedure alone won’t help you to eliminate insomnia completely, it can help you to relax, which is necessary for a good sleep. Also, you can use it in addition to other treatments that you already use.
It gives you an energy boost.
You might forget about using your morning coffee to wake yourself up. Instead, you can try rubbing your ears a bit more intensely. Stimulating the nerve endings of your ears can activate certain brain centers and make fatigue fade away. You can do it during the day as well, when you feel that your tiredness is getting out of control and your energy level is low.
Bonus: How to perform an ear massage on yourself
Try these moves:
1. Comfort your pet during fireworks.
If you see that your pet is anxious because of fireworks, it’s best to be attentive to their needs by focusing on them. Instead of watching the fireworks, comfort your pet using a technique that works for the both of you.
2. Use an anxiety wrap.
You can make your own anxiety wrap for your dog using a scarf or blanket. This “swaddle” can help to keep your dog calm when you expect it to become scared by loud noises. It’s essentially a big hug that keeps their stress levels low.
It’s best to put the wrap on before the anticipated noise starts to make sure that they remain as comfortable and relaxed as possible.
3. Give your dog a “pick up” cue.
A trip to the vet can be stressful on our doggies, but one thing that can help is to teach them that you will pick them up if they don’t like being picked up.
Simply give them a cue, such as saying the words “pick up” before lifting them up, and give them a treat as a reward. This can come in handy at the vet’s office to help keep your dog as calm as possible.
4. Play them music.
Playing music for cats can help them manage their stress levels, especially at the vet’s office, according to one recent study. Research says that music can also work on dogs to relax them in stressful situations. There’s even dog reggae to keep them distracted and calm when they’re feeling overwhelmed, like during firework shows.
5. Desensitize dogs to scary sounds.
It’s been recommended to play sounds that pets find particularly distressing on a low volume a couple of times a week. This could be a recording of the vacuum cleaner or thunderstorms, but over time, they’ll overcome their fear. Make sure that the pet is settled down in a comfortable area with a nice distraction before softly starting the recording.
6. Give them treats at the vet.
Let your pet associate the vet with good things by rewarding them with extra special treats that you wouldn’t normally give them at home. Following any distressing event at the vet, like an injection or having them stand on a scale, give them their treat.
7. Practice going on trips to the vet.
All of the handling at the vet’s office can be overwhelming for our pets, so to help them stay calm, you can practice what you can with them at home. Familiarize them with some of the things they’d experience there, like brushing their teeth and clipping their nails. This contact is different than petting and can help your pet to understand more about what’s happening to them during routine vet checks.
8. Feed them less the day before a trip to the vet.
It’s recommended to feed your pet less than usual before a visit to the vet so that they will respond better to rewards once you arrive. This can help them to relax as they’ll be distracted by their tasty treats which will help them to cooperate better. Of course, don’t withhold too much food and consider your pet’s welfare.
The dangers of sitting still for hours
Sitting for a long time has become one of the growing concerns in modern public health. And there’s hardly anything surprising about this. Sitting for long periods of time can cause many dangerous physical conditions, like high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and cardiovascular disease. And, as you may know, most of these come to stay, no matter how much you exercise every day.
Unfortunately, on top of any of these chronic conditions, sitting down for long hours can also be the cause of discomfort that can affect your daily life. And it all starts with your buttocks and something called dead butt syndrome.
What is gluteal amnesia
Gluteal amnesia is a syndrome that causes the muscles of the buttocks to stop functioning properly and basically fall asleep. When we stay seated for too long, these muscles become just passive muscles and the body sort of “forgets” how to activate them. Looks like the name “gluteal amnesia” was, as some would say, spot on.
This might not seem so bad, you might be thinking, but in reality, it is very problematic. Buttock muscles are among the largest muscles in the body and are therefore used in most movements we make. When they are not working, other muscles that do not have the same strength and other parts of the body, like our knees and back, have to take their place. And of course, that takes a toll on the muscles in these places, as a result.
How to tell if you have gluteal amnesia
People who suffer from this condition have said that after long hours of sitting, their buttocks feel numb and even sore. They also report feeling pain in their lower back, hips, or even knees. Another symptom could be exercising for enough hours a week that you should be seeing results and still not managing to shape your buttocks as you want or even notice any changes.
If you suspect that you suffer from dead butt syndrome, but still are not sure if you actually have it, the first thing to remember is that you need to go the doctor to be properly diagnosed. In the meanwhile, taking a look in the mirror may help. Try these 3 positions and see if you can mirror them correctly or not. Also, you need to remember that you should always seek the help of a doctor or therapist who specializes in this in order to get a correct diagnosis.
Treating gluteal amnesia at home
All bodies are different and each of them has its own set of requirements that must be taken into account before starting to workout. That is why it is always better to contact a specialist to have them put together a workout program that will not harm your health — if you decide to not work with a personal trainer.
1. Dyeing or bleaching your hair
Do it yourself: You can dye your hair natural colors with hair dye or temporary hair dye. Hair dyes are always sold with instructions that will help you to dye your hair yourself.
Go to a professional: If you need to bleach dark hair, it’s better to go to a hairdresser. Trying to make your hair several shades lighter can be very stressful for it, and the bleaching process has several stages. If you wash the hair dye off too early or leave it for too long, you can get a completely different shade or make your hair dry and dull. Going to a good hairdresser can save you from some very negative consequences.
2. Trimming your ends and your bangs
Do it yourself: You can trim the ends of long hair. Just put it in a high ponytail, flip your hair forward, brush your hair, and trim the ends. Or you can flip your hair forward, brush it, put it in a ponytail above your forehead, use an elastic band to fix the length you’re going to cut off, and then trim your hair with scissors.
Go to a professional: If you need to trim your bangs, it’s better to not do it yourself in front of the mirror. In the best-case scenario, you’ll have to hurry to the hairdresser to have them fix the haircut. And it’s better to spend 5 minutes in a salon getting your bangs cut, than an hour trying to fix the hairstyle you did at home. According to safety rules, your eyes should be closed when your bangs are getting trimmed. This detail determines the perception of your face, so it’s better to try not to ruin it.
3. Shaping your eyebrows and correcting their shape
Do it yourself: You can maintain the shape of your eyebrows at home. You’ll need a mirror and tweezers. You should only remove the hairs that have grown too much and are outside of the official shape of your eyebrows. The main thing is to not forget to apply a calming lotion to the areas where you’ve removed your hair, before and after the procedure.
Go to a professional: When you need to shape your eyebrows, it’s better to go to a salon. Determining the right shape for your face is as important as determining the proper architectural design. A professional will personally come up with the ideal eyebrow shape for you. Besides, professionals have numerous tools and beauty products that they can use to make your eyebrows beautiful.
4. Tinting your eyebrows and eyelashes
Do it yourself: Eyebrow tinting is a simple procedure that can be done at home, you just have to make sure to follow the instructions. Start by cleaning your eyebrows. Then apply a rich cream to the skin around your eyebrows and prepare the dye. Apply the dye to your eyebrows with a brush or with a stick, leave it on for 15-20 minutes, and then wash it off.
Go to a professional: It’s better to tint your eyelashes at a salon because it’ll be more convenient and also because this procedure requires you to close your eyes. It also reduces the chances of irritation or allergies because of low-quality products. A professional will come up with a dye shade that will look the best on you.
5. Hemming clothes made of various fabrics
Do it yourself: If you need to hem your jeans, you can do it yourself at home, since it doesn’t require any special skills.
Go to a professional: If you need to adjust the length of wool or cotton pants, or flared skirts and dresses, it’s better to go to a tailor. They’ll do it way better thanks to their professional experience and special tools. As a result, you’ll save not only your time, but the money you paid for your clothes.
6. Cleaning and washing your outerwear
Do it yourself: You should be able to wash clothes that have synthetic insulation at home, but you’ll want to check the clothing label to see if you can wash this item. If yes, fasten the jacket and turn it inside out. It’s better to use a liquid detergent for this, instead of washing powder and bleach. Wash your clothes on the delicate washing cycle at the temperature indicated on the label.
Go to a professional: All outerwear with natural insulation should be dry-cleaned. Manufacturers often use rubberized covers so that the feathers won’t pierce the fabric. After you wash down jackets at home, they’ll take too long to dry and the insulation may start to smell unpleasant. Besides, the insulation often gets lumpy and loses its fluffiness. To avoid these problems, it’s better to dry-clean your things from the very beginning.
7. Cleaning carpets and removing dirt after a renovation
Do it yourself: Vacuum your carpet regularly. You can remove fresh stains yourself. To do this, remember that the dark part of the carpet shouldn’t be cleaned with bleaching agents, like wet baking soda or citric acid, and industrial carpet shouldn’t be cleaned with water.
Go to a professional: Even if you vacuum your carpets every day, dust and dirt will still get stored in the carpet over the years, and this becomes a great environment for dust mites. To prevent problems with your health, it’s better to use professional house cleaning services from time to time. Along with the removal of the dirt, carpets will also get disinfected and mites, moths, and other living organisms will be killed. Thanks to getting them professionally cleaned, old stains will also be removed, and even frequently used carpet will look like new again.
After a house renovation, it’s also better to use a professional cleaning service. Professionals will remove dried-on glue stains without damaging the surface and stucco that got stuck in the corners. As a bonus, a cleaning company can also remove all the construction waste.
8. Organizing and zoning your house
How do you cram everything you need for life into a small apartment? How can you give each member of the family some personal space? How do you accommodate guests and or create a chill space to calm down an infant? Where do you store seasonal clothes in a small apartment?
Do it yourself: Reduce the number of large soft toys and hide the ironing board and the clothing rack when you don’t need them. Don’t forget to get rid of the stuff you don’t need any more from time to time. Try to visually make the space look like it has the right shape by arranging the furniture in the right way. Make the interior more monochromatic.
Go to a professional: A professional interior designer will create a project especially for your apartment, taking into consideration your needs and preferences. They will zone the space and recommend the furniture that you should choose.
9. Repairing your favorite things
Broken or cracked dishes can spoil the way your kitchen looks. In addition, dirt can accumulate in the cracks of your china. And old wood furniture (even if it’s nicely polished) doesn’t look good in a modern interior. Anything that is broken should be sorted out into 3 groups — things you should throw away, things you can repair yourself, and things you need to take into a shop to be repaired.
Do it yourself: If you’ve inherited polished wood furniture and don’t want to throw it away, but it’s too expensive to get a professional restoration, you can turn old furniture into something very cool.
Go to a professional: If you need to restore porcelain, glass, or solid wood furniture. Almost everyone has their favorite chipped cups and plates that we just can’t bear the thought of throwing away. Take them to a workshop so a professional can restore your porcelain and glue the glass back with materials that are safe for your health, and of course to make your old things look new. You can also restore wood furniture and replace the upholstery in these types of places.
10. Cooking a sophisticated dish
Do it yourself: When you cook for yourself and your family. You can spend hours on the kitchen coming up with new recipes. But it’s better to not welcome guests with dishes you’re not even sure you can cook well.
Go to a professional: The author of this article recently decided to surprise their guests with sushi. She had cooked this dish many times before, but in small quantities, and its quality was always great. She bought special kitchenware and products like wasabi and ginger in large quantities. She started making this dish but the process didn’t go very well, and the sushi rolls started to fall apart — which didn’t look very appetizing. And the author didn’t know what to do with all the spices she had left because she doesn’t make sushi every day. So the conclusion is that it is better to order a sophisticated dish for your guests, rather than try to make it yourself.
It helps regulate our body’s temperature.
Our feet are actually the perfect cooling mechanisms. According to a sleep expert, they contain a link between arteries and veins unlike any other part of our body, “which dilate in warm temperatures, allowing more blood to reach the surface of the skin in order to cool it down.”
In addition, feet are hairless, so they stay cool throughout the night. As a result, our body temperature balances itself out and we can sleep comfortably.
Sticking your foot out helps you to fall asleep faster.
In order to sleep, our body temperature needs to drop by 1 to 2 degrees. That’s why we struggle with staying awake when it’s too warm — our bodies fight against overheating. That’s why it’s crucial to keep ourselves cool at night, and sticking a foot out of your blanket can be enough. The sooner you allow your body to cool down, the sooner you can drift off to dreamland.
It’s the most comfortable position if you need to sleep under a blanket.
There are several different reasons why most of us can’t fall asleep without a blanket. But the common problem we all experience is that it gets too hot, so we find ourselves in a catch-22 situation. Uncovering our feet is the perfect solution to this dilemma and helps us cozy up under a blanket while keeping our bodies cool throughout the night.
1. Foot massage
Our feet can get exhausted after a long day of work. A foot massage can give you some much-needed relief. But it doesn’t just feel good. Research shows it can improve your mental health and blood pressure too!
How to do it:
2. Backbone massage
Sitting for several hours a day can leave your spine sore, stiff, and in pain. You can relieve tension from all that sitting through this massage technique, with the help of a friend’s extra pair of hands and massage oil.
How to do it:
3. Scalp massage
Do you feel relaxed when massaging your scalp while taking a shower? This is because a scalp massage has been proven to improve comfort and reduce stress. Try this massage technique by yourself or with a friend using only your fingertips!
How to do it:
4. Ear massage
Have you ever de-stressed through massaging your ears? It is possible according to reflexology, which involves triggering pressure points linked to certain organs and parts of the body. It has also been proven by research. Discover which points to press to feel more calm and relaxed through this massage technique.
How to do it:
5. Massage for tired eyes
Eyestrain can be caused by a variety of things, including the daily use of digital screens for several hours at a time. To relieve tired eyes, try massaging acupressure points around your eyes. Some studies even show that acupressure can change your mood.
How to do it:
Some mold can damage your liver.
There are toxic chemicals that can be found on mold, and they can cause serious health problems like liver damage, vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. Still, this depends on a few factors like your immune system or age. One of the most common and most toxic ones is known as aflatoxin that can even cause cancer.
Luckily, not all moldy food produces this chemical. It can, however, be found on peanuts and field corn.
The bacteria inside the mold can trigger food poisoning symptoms.
Mold, by itself, is not that dangerous and the chances of you actually getting sick are low. However, what can make you sick is the bacteria that can grow along with it. In this case, you can experience symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea. Their heaviness will depend on the type of bacteria and the amount of food you’ve eaten.
You might be allergic to mold.
There are some people who have allergic reactions to mold found on food. If you’re sensitive, it’s better to stay away from it, and in case you eat it by mistake, call your doctor immediately. The symptoms that can be a sign of an allergic reaction are:
There are foods with mold that our bodies can digest easily.
Molds that are used in different types of cheese are safe to eat. In fact, cheese such as gorgonzola, Roquefort, and blue are made by introducing them to specific spores while camembert and brie have white ones. But unfortunately, they’re still not okay for those who have mold allergies.
Bonus: Foods that are safe to eat after scraping off mold
Safe to scrub and eat:
Eggs are a source of whole protein that contain essential amino acids and they quickly make you feel full. The best choice is eggs Benedict or simply hard-boiled eggs. Omelets and scrambled eggs are also a good dinner option, but only if you cook them with a minimal amount of oil (or no oil at all).
Cheese and grapes
A small portion of cheese is only around 100 calories, but it’ll bring you a lot of pleasure and benefits in the form of tryptophan, protein, and casein. In particular, casein can help you feel more satisfied and is good for muscle health if you taken before sleeping. A few grapes, which incidentally are rich in melatonin, will also benefit your sleep.
For people who prefer a heavier meal, we can say turkey that is a real stockpile of tryptophan and healthy protein. It’s better to choose this product instead of chicken meat because it’s easier for our body to digest it
Hummus with vegetable sticks
The basis of this dish is chickpeas. They are rich in vitamin B6 and, in turn, are important for the synthesis of serotonin. If you decide to have a late-night snack, the best addition to this rich dish is cucumber, zucchini, or carrots sticks.
For a late-night snack, it’s better to choose boiled corn instead of canned corn. This product may help remove excess cholesterol from the body. And remember that you shouldn’t add too much butter or salt to this snack.
For late-night diners, it’s better to opt for an oily fish. For example, you can choose nutrient-rich cod or flounder — the omega-3 fatty acids contained in it is famous for its ability to break down fats. The protein in fish is also good for metabolism.
How often we should wash our hair
I myself, wash my own hair every day. No matter how hard I try to find a shampoo that will keep my hair fresh, I have to put it in a ponytail on the second day after washing or use a dry shampoo.
Many people think that if they wash their hair daily, it will get dirty faster. However, in reality, the skin on the head and hair suffer more from dirt at the hair roots, than from it frequently being washed. Skin oil, dirt, and dust that accumulate daily on the head, clog pores, which means hair gets fewer nutrients.
You can try using deep cleansing shampoos for oily hair once a month. Men’s shampoos also help perfectly in these cases.
Why we lose more hair in the spring and fall
Let me clarify this from the beginning: cutting your hair won’t help (I have a couple of clients who visited me to shorten their hair, thinking they lose it due to gravity). As a rule, the seasonal loss of hair happens by itself. Our task is to not worsen the situation, but to try to decrease the loss with the help of the right treatment.
Why our hair gets tangled
It can happen due to incorrect care or bad habits. For example, I often roll my hair around my fingers and end up getting knots in my hair and split ends.
However, the most frequent reason for tangled hair is its dryness. Hair consists of a core and a shell similar to a tile. When the top layer dries, the flakes that are tightly adjacent to each other open and cling to each other, forming knots. In order to prevent it, you need to do moisturizing masks more often and use special sprays that can be applied right after washing and on dry hair during the day.
Thin hair is more prone to getting tangled. People with thin hair should be more careful about choosing their shampoo — it should carefully clean your hair and not over dry it. It’s better to choose shampoos with the following ingredients in their composition: sodium cocoyl isethionate, sodium lauroyl methyl isethionate, сocamidopropyl betaine, lauryl glucosid, and decyl glucoside.⠀
Is hair Botox really that necessary?
Hair Botox is often mistaken with Keratin Straightening, but it’s a completely different procedure. Its effect is aimed at hair “restoration.” Why do I use quotation marks? Because you can’t restore your hair’s health with this method. You’ll only temporarily fill the damaged areas inside the hair, improve its look, and get rid of tangles.
Even if you get hot hair Botox from a master, it’s likely that they will burn your hair. Some hairdressers mistakenly use the same temperature of a hair strengthener — both for natural hair and for weak blonde curls.
Moreover, hair Botox gets rinsed out after a month or 2. The hair goes back to its initial look and the person has to go to the salon again. By the way, the average price for this procedure is about $50 — and you can buy a lot of high-quality hair care products for this amount of money and treat it well.
How water affects our hair and the skin on our head
If there a white coating inside your faucets and teapots, it means that the water you are using is hard. You actually get this same coating on your hair. Salts from calcium and magnesium gradually accumulate on your hair, and curls become lifeless and brittle. At the same time, dandruff, as well as an increased risk for eczema, may appear on your overdried scalp.
Hard water is harmful to colored hair — it quickly washes out the color and even the brightest cold blonde will turn yellow really fast. Hair clogged with salts is worse for coloring too, it is more difficult to lighten it and give it a cool shade.
How one can solve this issue:
Why your shampoo keeps damaging your hair and how to replace it with a less aggressive one
When buying shampoo, many people pay attention to the “natural” composition, but few of us know what SLS (sodium lauryl sulfate) is. The constant use of sulfates can cause irritation, dryness, itchiness, the development of allergic reactions, and hair loss. These substances make our wonderful curls have less body because they perfectly remove not only contamination from the hair, but also the natural protective barrier of the skin.
I often hear these words from my clients, “I use only sulfate shampoo and can’t start using a different one because I instantly get dandruff and itchiness.” This happens because the skin of your head has gotten used to aggressive components. Try using a deep-cleaning shampoo, wash your head with the new product several times, and everything will be OK.
Here are the components that don’t harm your hair:
What hides behind sleeping with wet hair
Never ever go to bed with wet hair. Even if you are very tired, dry it a little at least. Otherwise, you won’t be able to style your hair in the morning or give it the necessary volume at the roots. Once your hair dries in a certain way while you sleep, there is nothing you will be able to change about it in the morning.
Moreover, wet hair is the perfect environment for various bacteria and microorganisms. You might end up getting dandruff, itchiness, or other scalp issues.
Pat your hair dry after washing, but don’t rub it and don’t wrap it — it is too sensitive and brittle for that. It’s better to start blow-drying your hair with cold air — because it’s less harmful. If you feel too tired and don’t want to do anything with your hair, you can use a special spray to help it dry quickly.
Busting myths about men’s alopecia
I would like to bust several myths about men’s balding heads and perhaps increase someone’s self-esteem.
Now let’s talk about the advantages of having a bald head. This head visually makes a man bigger and more massive. That’s why many bodybuilders shave their heads or get short haircuts. In addition, a man with a bald head will always look stylish and this hairdo will go with any look.
Bonus: How I saved someone’s hair after a botched visit to another salon
My neighbor called me crying and asked me to come to her place to correct her color. I took my magical hairdresser’s supply kit and rushed to her. Turned out, she visited some beauty salon and asked them to do something called root stretching. (Root stretching is a technique we do to blend out the natural root color. We do this by painting on the color first as though we’re doing a normal root touch up, then we weave out sections of the hair like Balayage to “stretch” the root color around a quarter, or even halfway down the hair shaft.) I was taken aback when I saw what was done to her hair in the salon: her root area was lighter and then she had these red stains and dark ends.
I made a decision to remove the stains, to give her hair a more natural shade, and to color the roots well. Yes, there is still a lot of work to be done, but at least we managed to get rid of the stains and she can leave the house now without being embarrassed. My client is happy, she loves everything.
New, environmental-friendly method of creating leather
Adrián López Velarde and Marte Cázarez have devised a method of transforming cactus into vegan leather called Desserto. It is made entirely out of cactus, and this leather can be used to make everything from shoes to wallets.
The cactus is very resilient, and it can withstand low temperatures during winter without dying. According to their website, they select and cut only the mature leaves of the plant without damaging the cactus itself, and do a new harvest every 6 to 8 months.
Creating vegan leather is already a reality.
Up until now, the company has been able to utilize cactus leather in many ways, creating handbags, car seats, shoes, and even apparel. And since the material is completely organic, the leather is breathable, which has often proven to be a problem when it comes to synthetic alternatives.
In the process of creating cactus leather, they cut the mature leaves and dry them under the sun for 3 days in order to achieve the exact humidity level needed. Then, they process the organic raw material to make the patented formula required to create vegan leather.
Furthermore, another important environmentally-friendly fact is that cactus leather is partially biodegradable and contains zero plastic. The fact that it’s biodegradable makes this material even more valuable.
Cruelty-free, sustainable alternative to animal leather
Thanks to its durability and high resistance to low temperatures, this organic, sustainable product can replace the use of animal leather and other synthetic materials that are not environmentally-friendly.
Currently, the brand is negotiating projects with major players in a variety of industries and working to make the material more accessible to small and medium-sized businesses. So before you know it, you might just find yourself putting on a pair of cactus leather shoes.
There’s no harm done to the surrounding biodiversity.
They haven’t had to cut down any trees at the farms that supply the cactuses. In fact, they’ve done the opposite, as they plant a native cactus from the region, it actually helps the biodiversity of the area.
Adrian and Maret’s methods cause no harm to the surrounding biodiversity. Their plantation is fully organic and their natural techniques stimulate the soil’s microflora and microfauna, which is then preserved without any damage caused whatsoever.